Originated in the Deep South around the 1870s by African Americans.



Originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s, taking its roots from American folk music and blues.


Pioneered in the 1970s, it became prevalent in the 1990s.



Originated in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans. Influential albums.

Run-DMC is widely acknowledged as one of the most influential acts in the history of hip hop culture and one of the most famous hip hop acts of the 1980s. Along with LL Cool J, the Beastie Boys, and Public Enemy, the group pioneered new school hip hop music.

  • 1984: Run-D.M.C. by Run-DMC
  • 1985: Radio by LL Cool J
  • 1985: Schoolly D by Schoolly D
  • 1986: Raising Hell by Run DMC
  • 1986: Licensed to Ill by Beastie Boys
  • 1987: Criminal Minded by Boogie Down Productions
  • 1987: Paid In Full by Eric B. & Rakim
  • 1988: Straight Outta Compton by N.W.A.
  • 1992: The Chronic by Dr. Dre
  • 1993: Midnight Marauders by A Tribe Called Quest
  • 1993: Enter the Wu-Tang Clan: 36 Chambers by Wu-Tang Clan
  • 1994: Illmatic by Nas
  • 1994: Ready to Die by The Notorious B.I.G.
  • 1996: All Eyez on Me by Tupac Shakur
  • 2000: The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem
  • 2004: The College Dropout by Kanye West

Movies to watch:

  • Whiplash
  • La La Land
  • Born to Be Blue
  • Chasing Trane: The John Coltrane Documentary
  • Bird
  • Round Midnight
  • Mo’ Better Blues


Originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and developed roots from blues and ragtime.

  • 1957: Saxophone Colossus by Sonny Rollins
  • 1958: Blue Train by John Coltrane
  • 1958: Somethin’ Else by Cannonball Adderley
  • 1959: Kind of Blue by Miles Davis
  • 1959: Time Out by Dave Brubeck Quartet
  • 1959: Mingus Ah Um by Charles Mingus
  • 1959: The Shape of Jazz to Come by Ornette Coleman
  • 1963: The Black Saint And The Sinner Lady by Charles Mingus
  • 1964: A Love Supreme by John Coltrane
  • 1970: Bitches Brew by Miles Davis


Originated in the 1950s.


Rhythm & Blues

Originated in African-American communities in the 1940s.